This code of practice outlines Role Models’ responsibility to provide adequate and appropriate First Aid to children attending our courses, staff, parents and visitors, and the procedures in place to meet that responsibility. The code of practice is reviewed every year.
• To identify the first aid needs of the Company in line with the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 and Amendments 2003 and 2006.• To ensure that first aid provision is available at all times while people are on premises used by the company, and also off the premises whilst on educational visits.
• To appoint the appropriate number of suitably trained people as First Aiders to meet the needs of the group being taught.• To provide relevant training and ensure monitoring of training needs.• To provide sufficient and appropriate resources and facilities.• To inform staff and parents of Role Models’ First Aid arrangements by making this policy available to them.• To keep accident records and to report to the HSE as required under the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 2013.
The management are responsible for the health and safety of the staff and anyone else on their premises. This includes teachers, non-teaching staff, pupils and visitors (including contractors). They must ensure that a risk assessment of the Premises they use is undertaken and that the appointments, training and resources for First Aid arrangements are appropriate and in place. They must ensure that the insurance arrangements provide full cover for claims arising from actions of staff acting within the scope of their employ.
The management are responsible for putting the code of practice into practice and for developing detailed procedures. They must ensure that the code of practice and information on the Company’s arrangements for First Aid are made available to parents.
Teachers and other staff are expected to do all they can to secure the welfare of the pupils. First Aiders must have completed and keep updated a training course approved by the HSE. This is a voluntary post. He/She will:• Give immediate help to casualties with common injuries or illnesses and those arising from specific hazards during a course.• Take charge when someone is injured or becomes ill.• Look after the first aid equipment, e.g. restocking the first aid boxes.• Ensure that an ambulance or other professional medical help is summoned when appropriate.In selecting First Aiders the management must consider the person’s:• Reliability and communication skills.• Aptitude and ability to absorb new knowledge and learn new skills.• Ability to cope with stressful and physically demanding emergency procedures.• Normal duties — First Aider must be able to leave to go immediately to an emergency.• A paediatric first aider must also be present where there are children of primary school age.
NUMBER OF FIRST-AID PERSONNEL REQUIRED
The management consider the findings of the risk assessment in deciding on the number of first-aid personnel required at any time or venue.
Arrangements must be made to ensure that the required level of cover of both First Aiders is available at all times when people are on a course.
Qualifications and Training
• First Aiders and Paediatric First Aiders will hold a valid certificate of competence, issued by an organisation approved by the HSE.• Specialist training in first-aid is arranged by the company on an ad hoc basis. The names of First Aiders will be made available prior to the start of each course.
PRACTICAL ARRANGEMENTS AND PROCEDURES
A full risk assessment of the premises used is always in place. The management review the risk assessments whenever a new site is chosen to run a course. Recommendations on measures needed to prevent or control identified risks are discussed with the landlords/owners and the necessary action taken.
Basic First Aid Procedures
All staff can deal with minor accidents requiring first aid. The qualified First Aiders are listed in Appendix 2 of the policy and updated for each course. If a minor accident occurs during the course the child is sent to a First Aider accompanied by another child or an adult as appropriate. See Appendix 1 for a complete list of Basic First Aid Procedures.
An accident report sheet is filled in and the accident's details are recorded in the Accident Record Book.In case a child bumps his head, an “I have bumped my head today” sticker is given to the child to wear for the whole day, so that everybody will be aware of the accident and can react accordingly if he is seen acting differently (see Appendix 3).
If it is the case (e.g. the head is involved, or the scratches/bruises are not superficial) the Office Assistant calls the parents/carers to inform them.
Accident report sheets are given to the child's parents/carers at the end of the course (see Providing Information below).
In the event of a serious injury within the used premises, one of the First Aiders will be called.The First Aider will decide if the emergency services need to be called and will dial 999.If a serious injury occurs in the playground, one of the adults on duty will ask for assistance from the First Aider. If a serious injury occurs off-site, the First Aider will assess the situation, call the emergency services if necessary and then inform the company.The Office will then contact the child's parents/carers or, if they are unavailable, the child's emergency contacts (see Providing Information below).
The management will ensure that staff is informed about the School’s first-aid arrangements as part of their induction programme. Updated information will be given out at the staff meeting preceding the start of the course.
• If a child sustains a minor injury an Accident report sheet will be sent home. See Appendix 3.• If a child sustains a minor head injury (bump) this will be specified in the Accident report sheet with a request to parents/carers to read the information on the back “Head Injuries - important information and advice”. See Appendix 3.• If it is the case (e.g. the head is involved or the scratches/bruises are not superficial) the Office will call the parents/carers to inform them.• Where a child sustains a minor injury that requires treatment by a doctor or hospital, the parents/carers will be telephoned and asked to collect the child. If the parents/carers cannot be reached, the emergency contacts on the child’s records will be called. If none of them are able to collect the child a First Aider will accompany the child to the Minor Injury Unit at the nearest hospital.• In the event of a serious injury the emergency services will be called immediately by dialling 999 and the parents/carers (or, if they are unavailable, the child's emergency contacts) will also be contacted by telephone by a member of staff who is not dealing with the emergency arrangements.
Statutory requirements: under the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 2013 (RIDDOR) some accidents must be reported to the HSE. The management keeps a record of any reportable injury, disease or dangerous occurrence.
This includes:• The date and method of reporting• The date, time and place of the event• Personal details of those involved and a brief description of the nature of the event or diseaseSee Appendix 4 for details about RIDDOR and type of injury which needs to be reported.Record Keeping• The management ensure that readily accessible written accident records are kept in the Accident Record File for a minimum of three years.• The Accident Record File is filled in by the Office• In the Accident Record File information is recorded of any significant first-aid treatment given by First Aiders. This must include: - the date, time and place of incident - the name (and course attended) of the injured or ill person - details of their injury/illness - first aid given - name and signature of the First Aider or person dealing with the incident.• Records of any incident reported to the HSE are also stored in the Accident Record File.Monitoring
Accident records can be used to help the management identify trends and areas for improvement. They also could help to identify training or other needs and may be useful for insurance or investigative purposes.A regular review and analysis of accident records is held.
First-Aid Materials, Equipment and Facilities
Responsibility for checking and restocking the first-aid boxes
• The management checks the boxes before the start of each course and places orders to replenish stock. All staff are responsible for notifying the office if they notice that contents of any of them are running low.• On trips, the manager in charge of the trip.
At each venue the designated area for medical treatment and care of children during course hours will be selected and all staff will be made aware of where it is.
• Basic hygiene procedures must be followed by staff.• Single-use disposable gloves must be worn when treatment involves blood or other body fluids.• Care must be taken when disposing of dressings or equipment.
BASIC FIRST AID PROCEDURES
All staff delivering the courses deal with minor accidents requiring first aid. The qualified First Aiders are listed in Appendix 2 which is updated each time training sessions are undertaken. If a minor accident occurs during the day, the child is sent to a First Aider accompanied by another child or an adult as appropriate. If a major accident occurs where the child or member of staff cannot be moved, a First Aider must be called to the scene immediately and the emergency services alerted if appropriate.
• When dealing with blood, or other body fluids plastic gloves and an apron must be worn. The area of the accident must be isolated and cleaned with an antibacterial product before it can be used again.• Cuts/scratches: the wound must be cleaned, and plasters may be applied, if necessary, after ascertaining the child is not allergic to these.• Bleeding, as above: if profuse, apply direct pressure and raise the wound before sending for a First Aider.• Head Bumps: cold compress/ice pack. Run hands over scalp to find bleeding, swelling or any area that feels soft or indented. Handle head and neck very gently. Parents are advised in a ‘Bump to the Head’ leaflet if the Office has been unable to speak to them directly about the injury.• Falling: children do fall over at school from time to time and they react in different ways. It is advisable to watch the situation carefully and assess it. If the child is unable to get up and is in obvious distress, call a First Aider who will assess the situation and take appropriate action. If the child is unable to stand unaided, do not lift them — this could cause other injuries.• Unconsciousness: call a First Aider immediately. If they are unavailable, call the emergency services without delay.• Breathing difficulties: Ask the child to stand or sit quietly. Ask if they use an inhaler. If they do, check if they have it with them and ensure they use it. If the child does not use an inhaler, a First Aider must be summoned.• Epilepsy/Fainting: if a child is falling, try to support him/her or ease the fall, loosen clothing around the head/neck and call a First Aider.• Haemophilia: this condition affects the clotting of the blood and can cause haemophiliacs to bleed more freely than other people do. If a known haemophiliac is having a ‘bleed’, call an ambulance to take them to Hospital.• Diabetes: diabetics can display either lethargic or more active characteristics than usual. If a diabetic has high or low blood sugar, contact a First Aider.• Anaphylaxis: the result of a severe, generalised, allergic reaction. The child could experience severe difficulties with breathing. If a known anaphylactic has an attack, the trained First Aid staff must administer the child’s adrenaline and call for an ambulance. Common allergies are: • food, e.g. eggs, fish, nuts, especially peanuts • insect stings • immunisations or antibiotics.Safety/HIV Protection
Disposable gloves and a plastic apron must always be worn when treating any accidents/incidents that involve body fluids. Make sure any waste (wipes, pads, paper towels) is placed in a disposable bag and fastened securely. Any children’s clothes must be placed in a plastic bag and fastened ready to take home.
A Medical Register is kept for each course based on the information received from parents. This records:• any child’s allergy to any form of medication, food products or insect stings• any long-term illness, for example asthma, diabetes, epilepsy• details on any child whose health might give cause for concern. Staff are given a copy of the Register.
Use of Sunscreen:
Skin cancer is one of the most common cancers in the UK and the number of cases is rising at an alarming rate. The majority of these cases can be prevented by protecting the skin from the sun.• Parents are recommended to pack summer hats and to apply sunscreen before sending the children to day courses during the summer months/recommend they apply it themselves for residential courses• Staff delivering the courses must make children aware to the need to wear sun hats and sunscreen• If parents wish staff to apply sunscreen they must supply it and send a written request for them to do so• Another member of staff should be present when a teacher is applying sunscreen. Older children should apply it themselves.Arrangements for pupils with particular medical conditions who require regular medication are agreed with parents on an ad hoc basis.
All First Aiders are also Paediatric First Aiders.
PAEDIATRIC FIRST AIDERS
Role Models with 12-Hour Full Paediatric First Aid Training obtained July 2019
We are committed to reviewing our policy and procedures annually.